Therapy for ADHD – How to Get ADHD Therapy: Psychotherapy, Family Therapy, Anxiety, and Depression

Therapy for ADHD – How to Get ADHD Therapy: Psychotherapy, Family Therapy, Anxiety, and Depression

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Hey everyone, welcome back to our channel. The go to place for information and strategies
on learning disabilities, especially ADHD. (Start slides)
In this video series, we’re sharing some of the potential treatments specialists can
recommend for your child’s ADHD. That way you know what to expect and how to
go about treating ADHD. In today’s video, we’re just going to
cover the different kinds of counseling that are effective for helping people with ADHD,
why, and how to go about getting counseling. Specifically, this series covers exactly how
official and authoritative resources that have actually proven their legitimacy, like:
* the Mayo Clinic * The National Institute of Mental Health
or (NIMH) * The Child Mind Institute
* Children and Adults with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (CHADD)
* WebMD * and the American Psychiatric Association recommend ADHD treatments for Children and
Adults. — These are the exact same resources, Dan Kramarsky, a school administrator for over 30 years and
the lead instructor for our upcoming course on: how to help parents handle the transition
to middle school, for their kids with ADHD. has used to treat his own ADHD, AND that of
his daughter, who is now a successful university student. We know most parents would be happy knowing
their kids will make it through high-school safely, so take Dan as an example case study
and listen closely. —
This series covers 4 standard treatments for ADHD in children including: * Medications: like stimulants, other medications,
and how to give medications safely If you haven’t watched our video about ADHD
Medications yet, click the annotation on the top right of your screen to watch that video. * Behavior therapy: like social skills training
and parent skills training If you haven’t watched our video about ADHD
behavioral therapies yet, click the annotation on the top right of your screen to watch that
video. * Counseling: like psychotherapy and family
therapy Which is what we’ll be covering in this
video. * and Education Services: like school programs,
individualized education programs (IEPs), and 504 plans Which is what we’ll cover next in this series. — Using these 4 treatment methods, you and your
medical professional should jointly develop a “treatment plan” that prioritizes and
addresses each problem area for your child. These areas can include:
* school challenges * self-esteem
* anger management issues * co-occurring disorders such as depression
or anxiety * any learning concerns
* and peer and family relationships —
However, a more comprehensive treatment plan, that really covers all your bases would include
all or some of the following, based on the unique needs of your child: * Learning more about ADHD as a disorder and
its causes * Learning more about diagnosing ADHD and
the potential options for treatment (hopefully we’ve got you covered there)
* Setting up behavioral therapy for your child to help manage his/her behaviors and also
to acquire new skills for handling them autonomously * Understanding the differences between ADHD
medications and prescriptions and how to set up regular monitoring after trying a new medication
* Getting mental health counseling for you, your child, or the whole family to address
things like: relationships, self-esteem, discipline, and other parenting concerns
* Setting up educational program modifications and supports, including 504 Plans, tutoring
and special education programs * And finally, whether you should consider
taking parent training classes or programs from an ADHD coach to address your child’s
behavior both at school and at home. An ADHD coach can also potentially help with
marriage counseling, since we know that, statistically, parents of kids with ADHD are twice as likely
to get a divorce than other parents of neurotypical kids. —
Now, if you would want to set up a comprehensive treatment plan like that, sign up for our
upcoming course taught by Dan and other ADHD experts like, psychiatrists, school psychologists,
behavioral therapists, and ADHD coaches. It’ll help you:
* set up and execute your child’s personalized treatment plan
* better your relationships both at school and at home
* and handle the entire process of transitioning to middle school Check out the link to the course in the description
below. —
So, treating ADHD often requires medical, educational, behavioral, and psychological
intervention. This comprehensive approach to treatment is
sometimes called “multimodal” because it incorporates so many different modes of
treatment. HOWEVER, although these treatments can relieve
many of the symptoms of ADHD and even improve physical coordination, they do not cure it. While there is no cure for ADHD, currently
available treatments, can help reduce symptoms and improve functioning. Just know that it may take some time to determine
what works best for your child. —
Also, as both a medical and health disclaimer, I am not a doctor and this video does not
provide medical or health advice. It is intended for informational purposes
only. It is not a substitute for professional medical
advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Never ignore professional medical advice in
seeking treatment because of something you have heard on this YouTube channel or from
Smart Course as a whole. If you think you may have a medical emergency,
immediately call your doctor or dial 911. ADHD patients’ symptoms vary significantly
so it is extremely important to speak with your physician or medical professional in
order to come up with a tailored approach that works specifically for you and your child. That being said and all things being clear,
let’s go over some of the best information out there. — First, you’re probably watching this video
because you’re wondering, “What is the most effective ADHD treatment?” Well, based on both The Child Mind Institute
and the American Psychiatric Association, research shows that a combined approach of
medication AND behavioral therapy is the most effective treatment. For moderate to severe cases of ADHD the first
line of treatment is usually medication. More specifically ADHD medications called
“psychostimulants”, which increase the amount of certain chemicals in the brain,
help children focus, and curb impulsivity and hyperactivity. Behavioral therapies, on the other hand, help
kids rein in impulsive behavior and be better organized. So, again, if you haven’t watched our videos
on ADHD Medications or Behavioral Therapies, please click the annotation in the top right
of your screen to watch those videos. On the other hand, counseling like psychotherapy,
family therapy, and other lifestyle or home remedies can still be very helpful and may
be necessary for some children with coexisting conditions such as anxiety or depression. In these cases, counseling may help both ADHD
and the coexisting problem. In general, to treat ADHD effectively, more
than one intervention is needed. By working closely with your health care providers
and school personnel, you will be able to find the treatment options that are most suited
to the unique needs of your child and family. Close cooperation among therapists, doctors,
teachers, and parents is therefore very important. —
Let’s go over the different Potential ADHD Therapies
Children with ADHD often benefit from behavior therapy, social skills training, parent skills
training and counseling, which may be provided by a psychiatrist, psychologist, social worker
or other mental health professional. Examples of therapy include: * Behavior therapy: In which, teachers and
parents can learn behavior-changing strategies, such as token reward systems and timeouts,
for dealing with difficult situations. * Social skills training: Which can help children
learn appropriate social behaviors. * Parenting skills training: Which can help
parents develop ways to understand and guide their child’s behavior. * Psychotherapy: Which allows older children
with ADHD to talk about issues that bother them, explore negative behavior patterns and
learn ways to deal with their symptoms. * and Family therapy: Which can help parents
and siblings deal with the stress of living with someone who has ADHD. The best results occur when a team approach
is used, with teachers, parents, therapists and physicians working together. As a caregiver, it’s important to educate
yourself about ADHD and available services and work with your child’s teachers so that
you can refer them to reliable sources of information that will support their efforts
in the classroom. —
In this video, we’re just going to cover the different kinds of counseling that are
effective for helping people with ADHD, why, and how to go about getting counseling. First, if you’re wondering why we’re talking
about counseling and psychotherapy when this video is about ADHD. Let me explain: ADHD affects kids in many different aspects
of their lives. Their inattention and impulsivity also affects
their friendships, extra-curricular activities, and family life. They may have trouble making and keeping friends
because they interrupt constantly, talk too much, or at the wrong time, or say things
that are inappropriate. They may have trouble playing on teams because
they find it hard to focus and follow the rules. They may have trouble understanding what’s
expected of them in social situations, have trouble expressing themselves, miss the point
of a lot of humor, and can be prone to blowing up when they don’t get their way. Sometimes, young children with social awkwardness
or deficits are misdiagnosed with autism, because these behaviors are one component
of an autism diagnosis. But it’s important to recognize that these
behaviors occur in a lot of kids who aren’t on the spectrum, too. They don’t “get” things that seem to
come effortlessly to other kids. They may have trouble understanding what’s
happening in a group, and finding a way of fitting in. It’s not uncommon for children with severe
ADHD to be blacklisted from playdates because they can’t be counted on to behave. At home, they may find themselves on a collision
course with parents and siblings because they don’t follow instruction, are impulsive,
and melt down when they are asked to transition from some activity they enjoy to: mealtime,
homework time, or bedtime. For children and teenagers, being “just
a little off” in their social behavior can easily trigger rejection by their hyperaware
peers, and make them targets of teasing and bullying. Additionally, kids with ADHD are often defiant
or demonstrate disruptive behavior. To be clear, defiance and emotional outbursts
are very common in kids with ADHD, but they are not, themselves, symptoms of ADHD. Kids who have ADHD tend to become defiant
when they are expected to do things that are hard for them, especially when it means stopping
something that’s pleasurable—like playing a video game. So things like homework, going to bed, getting
dressed, and coming to dinner can become battlegrounds. These situations are difficult for them to
tolerate because of inherit deficits in paying attention, tolerating a boring situation,
reining in impulses, transitioning from a fun activity, and controlling their activity
level. Since these situations are really challenging
for them, they may try to avoid them. Unfortunately, when it comes to ADHD parenting,
the avoidance strategies that these kids typically use are disruptive behavior, tantrums, arguing,
defiance, and power struggles. So, it’s best to address these issues in
the healthiest way possible early, because by the time kids with ADHD reach adolescence,
their impulsivity can become dangerous. It can make them prone to car accidents, unsafe
sex, and other risky behaviors. Counseling, like psychotherapy, can really
help address and solve these problems while also repairing relationship issues. So, what is psychotherapy? Psychotherapy is a general term for treating
mental health problems by talking with a psychiatrist, psychologist or other mental health provider. During psychotherapy, you learn about your
condition and your moods, feelings, thoughts and behaviors. Psychotherapy helps you learn how to take
control of your life and respond to challenging situations with healthy coping skills. There are many types of psychotherapy, each
with its own approach. The type of psychotherapy that’s right for
you depends on your individual situation. Psychotherapy is also known as talk therapy,
counseling, psychosocial therapy or, simply, therapy. What is Family Therapy? Family therapy is a type of psychological
counseling (or psychotherapy) that can help family members improve communication and resolve
conflicts. Family therapy is usually provided by a psychologist,
clinical social worker or licensed therapist. These therapists have graduate or postgraduate
degrees and may be credentialed by the American Association for Marriage and Family Therapy
(AAMFT). Family therapy is often short term. It may include all family members or just
those able or willing to participate. Your specific treatment plan will depend on
your family’s situation. Family therapy sessions can teach you skills
to deepen family connections and get through stressful times, even after you’re done going
to therapy sessions. Why is psychotherapy used to help people with
ADHD? Psychotherapy can be helpful in treating most
mental health problems, including: * Anxiety disorders, such as obsessive-compulsive
disorder (OCD), phobias, panic disorder or post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
* Mood disorders, such as depression or bipolar disorder
* Addictions, such as alcoholism, drug dependence or compulsive gambling
* Eating disorders, such as anorexia or bulimia * Personality disorders, such as borderline
personality disorder or dependent personality disorder
* Schizophrenia or other disorders that cause detachment from reality (psychotic disorders) Also, not everyone who benefits from psychotherapy
is diagnosed with a mental illness. Psychotherapy can help with a number of life’s
stresses and conflicts that can affect anyone. But more than anything it can help with a
lot of the common symptoms and the aftermath of ADHD. For example, it may help you: * Resolve conflicts with your partner or someone
else in your life * Relieve anxiety or stress due to work, school,
or other situations * Cope with major life changes, such as divorce,
the death of a loved one, the loss of a job, or bullying
* Learn to manage unhealthy reactions, such as road rage, passive-aggressive behavior,
or impulsive violence * Come to terms with an ongoing or serious
mental health problem, such as extreme anxiety or depression
* Recover from physical or mental abuse * Cope with self-esteem problems, whether
they’re due to a physical or psychological cause
* Sleep better, if you have trouble getting to sleep or staying asleep (like insomnia)
* In some cases, psychotherapy can be as effective as medications, such as antidepressants. Also, generally, there’s little risk in having
psychotherapy. But because it can explore painful feelings
and experiences, you may feel emotionally uncomfortable at times. However, any risks are minimized by working
with a skilled therapist who can match the type and intensity of therapy with your needs. The coping skills that you learn can help
you manage and conquer negative feelings and fears. Family Therapy
Family and marital therapy can help you and your family improve troubled relationships
with your partner, children or other family members. Family members and spouses find better ways
to handle disruptive behaviors, to encourage behavior changes, and improve interactions
with the patient. You can address specific issues such as marital
or financial problems, conflict between parents and children, or the impact of medications,
substance abuse, or another mental illness on the entire family. It can be useful in any family situation that
causes stress, grief, anger or conflict. It can help you and your family members understand
one another better and learn coping skills to bring you closer together. Your family may pursue family therapy along
with other types of mental health treatment, especially if one of you has a mental illness
that also requires additional therapy. For example: Family therapy can help family members cope
if a relative has a mental disorder like ADHD and a serious mental illness like depression
— but the person who has ADHD and/or depression should continue with his or her individualized
treatment plan, which may include medications, one-on-one therapy or other treatment. Say your teenage son has depression and your
family doesn’t understand his depression or how best to offer support. Although you’re worried about your son’s well-being,
conversations with your son or other family members erupt into arguments and you feel
frustrated and angry. Communication diminishes, decisions go unmade,
family members avoid each other and the rift grows wider. In a situation like that, family therapy can
help you: * Pinpoint your specific challenges and how
your family is handling them * Learn new ways to interact and overcome
unhealthy patterns of relating to each other * And set individual and family goals as well
as ways to achieve them The research shows that counseling can help
enormously, however, to be clear, depending on your specific situation, psychotherapy
alone may not be enough to ease the symptoms of a mental health condition like ADHD. You may also need medications or other treatments. Let’s go over the different Types of Psychotherapy
There are a number of effective types of psychotherapy. Some work better than others in treating certain
disorders and conditions. In many cases, therapists use a combination
of techniques. Your therapist will consider your particular
situation and preferences to determine which approach may be best for you. Although many types of therapies exist, some
psychotherapy techniques proven to be effective include: * Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), which
helps you identify unhealthy, negative beliefs and behaviors and replace them with healthy,
positive ones * Dialectical behavior therapy, a type of
CBT that teaches behavioral skills to help you handle stress, manage your emotions and
improve your relationships with others We covered these kinds of psychotherapy in
our video about Behavioral Therapies. I’ve linked to it in the description below. * Acceptance and commitment therapy, which
helps you become aware of and accept your thoughts and feelings and commit to making
changes, increasing your ability to cope with and adjust to situations * Psychodynamic and psychoanalysis therapies,
which focus on increasing your awareness of unconscious thoughts and behaviors, developing
new insights into your motivations, and resolving conflicts * Interpersonal psychotherapy, which focuses
on addressing problems with your current relationships with other people to improve your interpersonal
skills — how you relate to others, such as family, friends and colleagues * And Supportive psychotherapy, which reinforces
your ability to cope with stress and difficult situations So psychotherapy is offered in different formats,
including individual, couple, family or group therapy sessions, and it can be effective
for all age groups. What happens during psychotherapy? For most types of psychotherapy, your therapist
encourages you to talk about your thoughts and feelings and what’s troubling you. Don’t worry if you find it hard to open up
about your feelings. Your therapist can help you gain more confidence
and comfort as time goes on. Because psychotherapy sometimes involves intense
emotional discussions, you may find yourself crying, upset or even having an angry outburst
during a session. Some people may feel physically exhausted
after a session. Your therapist is there to help you cope with
those feelings and emotions. Your therapist may ask you to do “homework”
— activities or practices that build on what you learn during your regular therapy
sessions. Over time, discussing your concerns can help
improve your mood, change the way you think and feel about yourself, and improve your
ability to cope with problems. Now, if you’re interested in trying psychotherapy
and/or family therapy for you and your child. Here’s how you prepare: * First, Find a therapist. Get a referral from a doctor, health insurance
plan, friend or other trusted source. Many employers offer counseling services or
referrals through employee assistance programs (EAPs). Or you can find a therapist on your own, for
instance, by looking for a professional association on the Internet. * Check qualifications
Before seeing a psychotherapist, check his or her background, education, certification,
and licensing. Psychotherapist is a general term rather than
a job title or indication of education, training or licensure. Trained psychotherapists can have a number
of different job titles, depending on their education and role. Most have a master’s or doctoral degree with
specific training in psychological counseling. Medical doctors who specialize in mental health
(psychiatrists) can prescribe medications as well as provide psychotherapy. Examples of psychotherapists include psychiatrists,
psychologists, licensed professional counselors, licensed social workers, licensed marriage
and family therapists, psychiatric nurses, or other licensed professionals with mental
health training. Make sure that the therapist you choose meets
state certification and licensing requirements for his or her particular discipline. Here are some factors to consider and questions
to ask: * Education and experience. * What is your educational and training background? * Are you licensed by the state? * Are you accredited by the AAMFT or other
professional organizations? * Do you have specialty training in family
psychotherapy? * What is your experience with my family’s
type of problem? * Location and availability. * Where is your office? * What are your office hours? * Are you available in case of emergency? * Length and number of sessions. You’re probably wondering: How long does
psychotherapy last? Or how long should my child be treated? The number of psychotherapy sessions you need
— as well as how frequently you need to see your therapist — depends on many different
factors: * Your particular mental illness or situation
* The severity of your symptoms * How long you’ve had symptoms or have been
dealing with your situation * How quickly you make progress
* How much stress you’re experiencing * How much your mental health concerns interfere
with day-to-day life * How much support you receive from family
members and others * And cost and insurance limitations It may take only weeks to help you cope with
a short-term situation. Or, treatment may last a year or much longer
if you have a long-term mental illness or other long-term concerns. You can ask your therapist: “Based on my
situation… * How long is each session? * How often are sessions scheduled? * How many sessions should I expect to have?” * Understand the costs. If you have health insurance, find out what
coverage it offers for psychotherapy. Some health plans cover only a certain number
of psychotherapy sessions a year. Also, talk to your therapist about fees and
payment options. * You can ask:
* How much do you charge for each session? * Are your services covered by my health insurance
plan? * Will I need to pay the full fee upfront? * What is your policy on canceled sessions? * Then, review your concerns. Before your first appointment, think about
what issues you’d like to work on. While you also can sort this out with your
therapist, having some sense in advance may provide a good starting point. Consider whether the therapist would be a
good fit for you or your family. The key is to find a skilled therapist who
can match the type and intensity of therapy, with your needs. To Get the most out of psychotherapy and help
make it a success, you should: * Make sure you feel comfortable with your
therapist. If you don’t, look for another therapist with
whom you feel more at ease. * Approach therapy as a partnership. Therapy is most effective when you’re an active
participant and share in decision-making. Make sure you and your therapist agree about
the major issues and how to tackle them. Together, you can set goals and measure progress
over time. * Be open and honest. Success depends on willingness to share your
thoughts, feelings and experiences, and to consider new insights, ideas and ways of doing
things. If you’re reluctant to talk about certain
issues because of painful emotions, embarrassment or fears about your therapist’s reaction,
let your therapist know. * Stick to your treatment plan. If you feel down or lack motivation, it may
be tempting to skip psychotherapy sessions. Doing so can disrupt your progress. Try to attend all sessions and to give some
thought to what you want to discuss. * Don’t expect instant results. Working on emotional issues can be painful
and may require hard work. You may need several sessions before you begin
to see improvement. * Do your homework between sessions. If your therapist asks you to document your
thoughts in a journal or do other activities outside of your therapy sessions, follow through. These homework assignments can help you apply
what you’ve learned in the therapy sessions to your life. If psychotherapy isn’t helping, talk to your
therapist. If you don’t feel that you’re benefiting from
therapy after several sessions, talk to your therapist about it. You and your therapist may decide to make
some changes or try a different approach that may be more effective. Some Parents Worry about Confidentiality
Except in rare and specific circumstances, conversations with your therapist are completely
confidential. However, a therapist may break confidentiality
if there is an immediate threat to safety (yours or someone else’s) or when required
by state or federal law to report concerns to authorities. Your therapist can answer questions about
confidentiality. All in all
Psychotherapy may not cure your condition or make an unpleasant situation go away. But it can give you the power to cope in a
healthy way and to feel better about yourself and your life. Family therapy doesn’t automatically solve
family conflicts or make an unpleasant situation go away. But it can help you and your family members
understand one another better, and it can provide skills to cope with challenging situations
in a more effective way. It may also help the family achieve a sense
of togetherness. —
So, now you know what to expect from specialists in regards to ADHD treatment with counseling
like psychotherapy and family therapy, but remember that there are many other ways of
treating ADHD. We’ve prepared some special offers for you
at the end of this video. But first, To make sure you’re as prepared as you can
be I want you to hit the notification bell below, because in the next video we’ll cover
different Education Services: like school programs, individualized education programs
(or IEPs), and 504 plans as explained by: * the Mayo Clinic
* The National Institute of Mental Health or (NIMH)
* The Child Mind Institute * Children and Adults with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity
Disorder (or CHADD) * WebMD
* and the American Psychiatric Association — So, again, hit the notification bell and the
subscribe button under this video if you want to be notified when we publish that video. If you liked this video please don’t forget
to like it, and let us know what you liked or what you’d like to see more of in the
comments below. The more people like, subscribe, click the
bell, and comment, the more people will see this kind of content on YouTube, and we know
some people could really use the help. — Now, for our special offers, join our expert-vetted
newsletter. It’ll be free until January 2020, so don’t
wait up. Our resources will help you: * find answers to your basic questions about
ADHD * understand why Middle School is so challenging
for students with ADHD​ * and introduce you to ADHD support groups
and other sites to help you meet your child’s needs at school and at home. Visit the links in the description and on
your screen. —
If your child is being treated for ADHD, support groups can help parents and families connect
with others who have similar problems and concerns. Groups often discuss regularly to:
* share frustrations and successes * exchange information about recommended specialists
and strategies * and to talk with ADHD experts You can join our expert-moderated ADHD Education
& Support Group for Parents, where you can get direct help from other parents and experts
with shared experiences. I’ve put the link in the description and
on your screen. —
Now while you’re waiting for our next video, make sure to check out these two videos right
here *point left*: We share tons of expert-vetted resources on
parenting and education for differently-abled kids, just like kids with ADHD, so make sure
to check out these two videos as well. As always, I appreciate you taking the time,
thank you for watching and see you next week!

3 thoughts on “Therapy for ADHD – How to Get ADHD Therapy: Psychotherapy, Family Therapy, Anxiety, and Depression”

  1. Hey everyone! Hope this helps. I'll be here responding to comments / questions if you have any.
    Also, what would you like to know about ADHD for your children? Just let me know using the form here (more in depth): https://forms.gle/GsfkJYgRZe295cod9 or in the comments below.
    I'll compile the most popular answers and start making them from there 🙂

  2. Really cool, also making sure there are enough school personnel to handle cases is really important towards the treatment of ADHD and other learning-related issues. There are areas where there is only 1 doctoral-level specialist for multiple schools, which makes for frustrated parents, students, and specialists! Increasing funding for mental health awareness and for more social workers, school psychologists, etc. can make sure there is equitable availability to resources for all students.

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