Router teszt 2020 – MikroTik hEX S

Router teszt 2020 – MikroTik hEX S

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Hello There! This is the first performer of our router test
of 2020: the Hex S! – To whom can we recommend this Gergő?
– We recommend this router to home users, and to small offices where the router only has to deal with
a few clients and it’s not a priority to have both the WiFi and LAN access
in one router because it does not have any built in WiFi. After checking our test results, we recommend this router to
places where VPN capacity is not really a factor. Yes it’s really good for beginners that try to learn how to
configure Mikrotik routers because it has the same features as the big ones. Than let’s see it from the inside to check out how this
product really looks! Soo… this was quick! So what can we see? Heatsinks, ports, usb port, a memory
card slot… Geri, what else do you see: Ok. let’s look a little bit deeply and check out it’s main
components: So the 5+1 port figuration stands for 4x copper Gigabit
Ethernet and 1x Sfp ports. There is “Mode” button on it’s side which is a somewhat new
feature at Mikrotik. We can run preset scripts on the router with the help of
this. For example, we have a dual WAN connection, but for some
reason we don’ trust our scripting skills and can’t automate a failover route than we can set this
button to switch between the two Internet connections, in case one of the services would become unoperational. There is an SD card slot on it, because we can install a
Dude server on this router and all the writing processes are much more faster on the
card than on the built in memory. Another noteable feature is that it can be powered by AT/AF
PoE on Port 1. This means that we can also power up the router with
standard PoE and not just through the DC plug. This is the entry level in our test. It’s temperature
reached 53-56 Celsius during the test presumeably this was the CPU temperature. What’s your oppinion about this Áron? made by painters made by people in a part time job, so basicly
unprofessionals. It’s good to see that there are only quality components used
in this product which is really well built and it looks like a well polished jewel from a well
engineered process, especially because it’s entry level. This far beyond any cheap stuff that we can order from tha
Far East, which is really sympathetic! Ok, we cheked it from the outside, now let’s see what’s
next: is it the block diagram? Let’s see how this router works, which is described by the
block diagram. There are two block diagrams for this router from Mikrotik:
it works differently with the switch chip enabled or not. So how does this router look like? We have a CPU and 2x
1Gbps buses. these connect to the Ethernet controller, where the two
1Gbps buses and connect to the 5x RJ45 Gigabit ports. 3 connect to one of them and 2 to the other. We have to take this into account if we would like to reach
high speeds between the ports and we are using a Bridge configuration, so the traffic will
go through the CPU. We also have to draw attention to this higher part because
if we plug a module to the SFP port than the SFP Slot will “steal” this upper bus from the
Ethernet controller so in this case, all the Ethernet ports share a 1Gbps
connection to the CPU. Let’s see the other block diagram in case we enable the
built in switch chip of the Hex S: than this 1 Gbps bus on the right side will be shared by the
not switched ports and the switched ports will use the other 1 Gbps bus. Than let’s see our test results! Ok let’s summerize it quickly: in case of a bridged
configuration, where we used the CPU to forward the traffic we reached 950Mbps with 25% CPU load. Than we turned on the
switch chip which means tha the traffic bypassed the CPU and reached nearly 2 Gbps. We set up a basic Route and the
traffic dropped to 1.6 Gbps. I won’t read all of the NAT and Firewall test results,
because you can check these in the diagrams and on our
website. I would like to highlight some interesting stuff: in case of
a NAT Accept rule – where the router only reads into the
packets we reached a 1,2 Gbps speed but when we turned this rule to
a Masquerade action where the router has to write into the header of the packets
than the traffic went down to 1Gbps So we can see that the router has to work harder in this
scenario. In case of the Firewall tests, we used different amounts of
rules from 10-150 We did not use the previously built connections and did not
enable Fasttrack with the basic tests so basically we DOS’d the poor router so all of the rules
had to deal with all of the packets. You can see that as we raised the number of the used rules,
the traffic shrunk down exponentially. When we enabled Fasttrack, than the router could manage
1,5Gbps traffic in each scenario. – Thanks Gergő! Do you have any comments? I think we positioned this router well, it performed as we
expected since it did not have to deal with any VPNs. It’s more than enough for home or small office usage, the
big questions will come with the VPN tests and the test results will be more interesting. – Geri: would you like to share our VPN experiences?
– Yes! As we said earlier in case we have a VPN critical application, than this router is not going to be your best
choice. While it can process 857 Mbps with L2TP, but if we add an
IPSEC encryption on top of it – regardless of it’s hardware acceleration – this drops down to 126Mbps. We also have to note, that under RouterOS 6 both SSTP and
OpenVPN can only use one CPU core so it doesn’t matter that it has 4 CPU cores, these
applications can only utilize 1 of these. which meant that we could only reach 26-25Mbps with these
configurations. Meanwhile we could reach 186Mbps with plain IPSEC with
hardware acceleration enabled, We also tried it without the hardware acceleration and we
could only reach 38 Mbps and CPU load was ~20% higher So if you configure IPSEC, make sure to check the IPSEC
compatibility matrix of your router on Mikrotik’s website. So we dissected the Hex S… Thanks for watching, and please
share your comments, and check the info box and our website to get more information about the test of each router and
see you soon in one week! Good Bye!

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